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High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for CVD. It affects 1.2 billion adults in the world, which means that 22 in 100 adults are hypertensive. The World Heart Federation (WHF), together with the Colombian Society of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery (SCCCC), held a Roundtable on Bogotá, Colombia on 28 January based on WHF Roadmap for Reducing Cardiovascular Mortality through Prevention and Management of Raised Blood Pressure to identify obstacles and find solutions at the national level.
The WHF Roadmap on Raised Blood Pressure was developed by experts and Members to help identify the roadblocks to treating hypertension, which is currently preventing the SDGs from being achieved. A key challenge in effective raised blood pressure control is that most hypertensive individuals are usually asymptomatic for years prior to a significant cardiovascular event, but face an increased risk of stroke, heart attacks, and kidney disease. Raised blood pressure is one of the most frequent reasons for consultation in primary care and, left untreated, can lead to a range of complications including myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, renal failure, and death.
To advance efforts towards the control and management of hypertension in Colombia, WHF and the SCCCC developed the following guidelines:
1. Implementation of the National Registry of Arterial Hypertension
Develop a strategy to identify the incidence and prevalence of arterial hypertension in Colombia.
2. Standardization of blood pressure measurement
Standardize and educate the medical community in the correct way to measure blood pressure.
3. Global strategy for community education
Implement strategies that inform the affected community about the disease and its immediate and future implications.
4. A national campaign to reduce consumption of sodium-rich foods
Develop and implement community-based campaigns to reduce sodium consumption in order to positively impact the control of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (non-pharmacological management).
5. Global Strategy for Early Detection of High Blood Pressure
Implement strategies for the search and identification of hypertensive patients.
6. Global Strategy for access to health technologies on hypertension
Promote public policies that allow the community to have access to health technologies regarding pharmacology and medical intervention strategies.